Dhauti is made up of ‘Dho‘ root word which means ‘Washing’ or ‘Cleansing’. The way, we keep taking shower time to time for cleansing and activeness of the body, internal organs need the same for effective working. The internal system of organs in the human body is a very complex structure. Although, this system has a functionality of self-cleansing.
But sometimes it doesn’t completely cleanse by own or some residue (of what we eat) left inside. It keeps accumulating with time and become the impurity. That’s how we fall ill.
In Hatha Yoga Pradipika and Gheranda Samhita, a system of 6 practice mentioned to flush out the internal impurities of the body. Collectively, these 6 practices are called ‘Shatkarma’ or ‘Shatkriya’. These 6 practices are:
As yoga has many physical practices, Dhauti is a preparatory action before involving in any physical practice of yoga. It cleans complete digestive tract or gastrointestinal tract (GI)1 to eliminate accumulated bolus (chewed food) 2 from the top of the alimentary canal to the colon. Dhauti not only affects the digestive tract but also increases respiratory system & frontal brain efficiency Sometimes Dhauti is also named as Kunjal or Gajakarni kriya. These are Sanskrit names of ‘elephant‘. Indeed, Yogis learned the idea of Dhauti-kriya technique from nature. It’s the same as when an elephant expels out undigested content of the stomach through the deep trunk.